Follow these suggestions to improve your search engine optimization (SEO) and watch your website rise the ranks to the top of search-engine results.
1. Publish Relevant Content
Quality content is the number one driver of your search engine rankings and there is no substitute for great content. Quality content created specifically for your intended user increases site traffic, which improves your site’s authority and relevance. Fine-tune your web writing skills.
Identify and target a specific keyword phrase for each page on your website. Think about how your reader might search for that specific page with search terms like:
masters in engineering management
what is biomedical engineering?
title IX resources
how to apply for scholarships?
Multiple Keyword Phrases
It is very difficult for a webpage to achieve search engine rankings for multiple keyword phrases—unless those phrases are very similar. A single page may be able to rank for both “biomedical engineering jobs” and “biomedical engineering careers”. Ranking for “student affairs” and “dean of students” or “gender discrimination” and “violence reporting procedures” with a single page is unlikely.
If you want to rank for multiple keywords phrases with your website, you will need to make a separate webpage for each keyword phrase you are targeting.
Once your keyword phrase is chosen for a given page, consider these questions:
Can I use part or all of the keyword phrase in the page URL (by using keywords in folders)?
Can I use part or all of the keyword phrase in the page title?
Can I use part or all of the keyword phrase in page headings and subheadings?
Answering yes to these questions can improve your search engine ranking. Be natural and user-friendly, though. For instance, you do not want the word “engineering” to show up three or more times in the URL or have the phrase Northern Lights repeated in the page title and every heading. Readability and usability still trump search engine optimization.
Beyond page URL, title, and headings, content is most influential on search engine rankings. Repeat your keyword phrase several times throughout the page—once or twice in the opening and closing paragraphs, and two to four more times throughout the remaining content.
Don’t forget to use bold, italics, heading tags (especially an H1), and other emphasis tags to highlight these keyword phrases—but don’t overdo it. You still want your language and writing style to read naturally. Never sacrifice good writing for SEO. The best pages are written for the user, not for the search engine.
2. Update Your Content Regularly
You’ve probably noticed that we feel pretty strongly about content. Search engines do, too. Regularly updated content is viewed as one of the best indicators of a site’srelevancy, so be sure to keep it fresh. Audit your content on a set schedule (semesterly for example) and make updates as needed.
When designing your website, each page contains a space between the <head> tags to insert metadata, or information about the contents of your page. If you have a CMS site originally produced by the UMC web team will have pre-populated this data for you. However, it is important for you to review and update Metadata as your site changes over time.
Title metadata is responsible for the page titles displayed at the top of a browser window and as the headline within search engine results. It is the most important metadata on your page.
For those with a CMS website, the web team has developed an automated system for creating the meta title for each webpage based on your page title. This adds to the importance of using well-thought-out page titles rich with keyword phrases.
Description metadata is the textual description that a browser may use in your page search return. Think of it as your site’s window display—a concise and appealing description of what is contained within, with the goal of encouraging people to enter. A good meta description will typically contain two full sentences. Search engines may not always use your meta description, but it is important to give them the option.
Keyword metadata is rarely if ever used to tabulate search engine rankings. However, you should already know your keyword phrases, so it doesn’t hurt to add them into your keyword metadata. You’ll want to include a variety of phrases. As a general rule, try to keep it to about 3-7 phrases with each phrase consisting of 1-4 words. A great example would be “computer science degree.”
4. Have a link-worthy site
Focus on creating relevant links within the text. Instead of having “click here” links, try writing out the name of the destination. “Click here” has no search engine valuebeyond the attached URL, whereas “Michigan Tech Enterprise Program” is rich with keywords and will improve your search engine rankings as well as the ranking of the page you are linking to. Always use descriptive links by linking keywords—it not only improves search engine optimization, but also adds value to your readers, including those with disabilities or who are using screen readers.
5. Use alt tags
Always describe your visual and video media using alt tags, or alternative text descriptions. They allow search engines to locate your page, which is crucial—especially for those who use text-only browsers or screen readers
8 Reasons Why Your Website Needs Search Engine Optimization
Today’s consumers rely on search engines to help them find everything from restaurant recommendations to B2B software providers.
This means that regardless of what your business offers, your target audience is likely searching for products or services like yours on search engines like Google.
And if you want to attract them to your site, you need search engine optimization.
But if you’ve spent much time researching your options with digital marketing, you’ve probably heard that before.
Once you’ve accepted this, though, the next logical question is how to do search engine optimization.
That’s why on this page, we’ll explain exactly what makes SEO so important, as well as a few search engine optimization techniques and search engine optimization tools you can use to increase your online visibility.
Search engine optimization, or SEO, is a strategy for improving your site’s rankings in search engine results.
It involves identifying which keywords and phrases your target audience uses when looking for products or services like yours, then working towards ranking well for those searches.
Of course, this is a simplified explanation — and you can check out our resource on “what is SEO” for a more in-depth look at search engine optimization.
8 Reasons Why Your Website Needs SEO Optimization
Today, SEO is an essential part of any effective marketing strategy.
But to fully illustrate its importance, let’s go over a few of the reasons you should be optimizing your site.
It can help you build your brand
Although branding is often considered a more traditional marketing strategy, while SEO falls firmly into the digital category, the two involve similar steps.
Building a brand requires considering both what you provide, and what others say about it.
And when you look at the steps involved in optimizing a site, the factors are similar. You need to create content that’s in line with your audience’s needs and interests, then find ways to earn links to that content from other sites.
If you keep this relationship in mind as you develop your SEO strategy, you can select keywords and create content that’s in line with the image you want your brand to have.
Then, your online presence will reflect your ideal branding — and help you establish it with your target audience.
An optimized website earns more traffic
On the surface, the goal of SEO optimization is to improve your site’s rankings in search results.
But beyond that, the purpose of achieving high rankings is to attract more traffic — and ideally, to convert that traffic into customers and leads.
Over the course of one year, this brand new site’s traffic increased from zero to 100,000 visitors — entirely from SEO.
If you want to bring more users to your site, SEO is the best way to accomplish this goal.
SEO doesn’t require you to pay for ad space
One of the biggest advantages of SEO is that it doesn’t involve paying for ad space.
Consider how traditional ad campaigns operate.
You determine a location you want your brand to appear, whether that’s on a particular TV channel or radio station, or in the pages of a magazine or newspaper.
Then, you pay the company that owns that media for placement. You might pay for your ad to run for a certain length of time, or within a certain number of issues. As soon as that period is up, your ad stops appearing — and stops generating results for your business.
Now, consider the various pages that appear in search engine results.
The top two listings in this screenshot are pay-per-click, or PPC, ads, as denoted by the small “Ad” tag.
Much like traditional ad campaigns, earning one of these spots involving ongoing costs.
Of course, if you’re familiar with PPC, you know that advertisers only pay when a user clicks an ad and visits their site. This certainly gives it an edge over traditional methods.
Still, every visitor involves a cost — and the minute an advertiser pauses their campaign, they stop showing up.
But the sites appearing in the organic results, directly below those ads, aren’t paying a cent for those rankings.
While they likely invested a significant amount of time and money into creating the pages that are ranking in those spots, they appear on page one because Google’s algorithm thinks they provide value to users.
As a result, they’re earning traffic without spending a cent.
It helps your target audience find your site
SEO can help your business get in front of your target audience as they’re actively searching for information.
And considering how common it is for consumers to use search engines to find information about products and services, this is a huge opportunity.
In fact, 62% of consumers turn to search engines first when they want to learn more about a new business, product, or service — and 41% use them when they’re ready to buy.
This means that if you want your business to be part of a user’s online research process, it needs to show up in search results for keywords related to the products or services you offer.
Plus, according to that same survey, 48% of consumers prefer to visit a business’s official website to learn more about them.
So having a strong online presence will not only help you reach your marketing goals but will also enable your target audience to research and buy in a way that works for them.
It boosts your credibility and authority
The Internet has drastically changed what the sales process looks like for many businesses.
That’s because today, consumers have access to a wealth of helpful resources that can help them learn about their options before they speak with a sales representative.
And with SEO optimization, you can become part of that learning process.
That’s especially true if you combine your SEO efforts with content marketing. When you create informative, valuable content, you have the opportunity to build trust and credibility with potential customers early in the research phase.
First, a user finds your site by searching for information related to your industry and seeing one of your resources in the search results.
Then, they read that resource. If they like it, they might share it with their friends and subscribe to your email list.
This is where the process slows down a bit.
That user might return to your site several times and read your email content regularly over the next few months without taking action.
And if you’re used to the traditional sales process, this can be frustrating.
But with each piece of content they read, you’re establishing your brand as a credible, authoritative source of information.
Then, when they’re finally ready to make a purchase or speak with a sales representative, they’ll know exactly which company to turn to — and be extremely comfortable doing so after all of the helpful information you’ve already provided for free.
It can help you stay ahead of your competitors
As you optimize your site, you’re not just working to improve where your site ranks on results pages.
You’re also moving above your competitors.
Just consider that the first result on any given results page gets an average of20.5% of the clicks. From there, the second result gets 13.32%, and the third gets 13.14%.
This means that as you move up in search results, you’ll earn a larger percentage of the clicks for your target keywords — and your competitors will earn less.
It improves user experience
Google’s ultimate goal is to provide the best possible results for their users.
As a result, many of their algorithm updates focus on making sure that they’re directing users to sites that not only provide relevant content, but also a great user experience.
That’s why today, technical factors like mobile-friendliness, usability, and site speed play a much bigger role in rankings than ever before.
While this means that optimizing your site might require a bit more professional help, it also means that you’ll be continuously improving the user experience your site provides.
And when you consider the impact that user experience has on conversions, this can have a significant impact on your sales and revenue in the long run.
It’s easy to measure
Finally, one of the biggest advantages of SEO is that you can measure virtually every aspect of your results.
Unlike traditional methods, which often rely on looking for correlations between ad campaigns and sales, it’s easy to see the return you’re getting from your SEO investment.
You can use tools like Google Analytics to monitor your traffic, referral sources, conversions, and any other metric that matters to your business.
This way, you can accurately evaluate what’s working — and what isn’t — and be confident that you’re allocating your marketing budget to the strategies that have the biggest impact on your most important goals.
How to Do Search Engine Optimization In 2018
The basic premise of SEO has always been the same: Improve rankings in search results.
But as Google continues to update its algorithm, the exact steps required to achieve this goal have also changed over time.
So although the general idea remains the same, there are a few things you’ll want to keep in mind as you optimize your site in 2018.
Focus on the user
Google’s algorithm updates are almost impossible to predict.
The company is highly secretive about the changes it makes to its algorithm, sometimes even after they happen — so it can be difficult to keep up with those changes.
Still, every update has one thing in common. They’re all designed to help the search engine provide the best possible results for searchers.
So as you work on improving your site, always remember to keep your focus on the user.
Choose topics that are relevant to their needs, write content in a way that’s helpful and straightforward, and make sure that your site is easy to navigate and engage with.
This way, even though there’s no way to tell what Google’s next move will be, you’ll be working with the same core goal in mind — and that can only work in your favor.
Use keyword optimization
Search engines have used keywords as a consideration in how they rank pages from the beginning, and they’re still an important factor today.
You can learn more about the role they play in our resource on on-page SEO.
Optimize your site for the mobile-first index
One of the biggest changes in how people browse the Internet over the past few years is the devices with which we access online content.
In the early days of SEO, the only way to access a search engine was on a desktop computer.
It makes sense, then, that Google would take steps to make sure that their results prioritized pages that were accessible on mobile devices.
Their first step, in April 2015, was to boost mobile-friendly pages in search results. This change was so significant that many SEOs referred to it as “Mobilegeddon.”
But in 2016, Google took things a step farther by announcing that it would be switching to amobile-first index.
This represented a reverse in how they’ve historically categorized and ranked pages, a shift illustrated nicely by thisgraphic from Moz.
Essentially, Google has always indexed and ranked pages based on how they appeared on desktop computers. This meant that their results typically reflected the best pages for desktop users — which made sense when these users made up the majority of their audience.
But if any of those pages performed poorly on smartphones, they’d be delivering a poor user experience for mobile users.
So to keep up with the increasing number of users accessing online content on smartphones, tablets, and other devices, Google reversed the process.
With this shift, they’ve started to rank pages based on the best results for mobile users.
This means that if a site doesn’t perform well on smartphones, its rankings will suffer — even in desktop results.
SEO Optimization Tools
As you work towards improving your site’s online visibility, there are plenty of tools you can use to simplify and improve the process.
Tools to improve your keyword research
Keyword research is the first step in any successful SEO strategy, and there are several tools designed specifically to help you identify the best possible keywords for your business:
You can learn how to utilize these tools in our guide to seo metrics.
Tools to improve your conversion rate
Your goal with SEO isn’t just to attract traffic — it’s to convert that traffic into customers and clients for your business. As a result, you’ll need to make sure that your site is in line with your visitors’ needs and designed to encourage conversions.
The following tools can help you measure your performance and identify opportunities for improvement:
But if you’re willing to invest the resources it takes to create and carry out a well-planned strategy, the results you’ll see in terms of sales and revenue are entirely worth it.
It can help you boost your credibility, earn more traffic, and improve your online visibility.
Plus, you’ll achieve all of those results with spending a cent on ad space.
Beyond that, SEO is a great way improve the overall experience your target audience has with your brand. When you create content that’s in line with their needs, then make it easily accessible on a user-friendly site, you position your company as a helpful resource.
Finally, as you work on your site’s optimization, it’s easy to monitor and measure your results — meaning you’ll never have to worry on whether you’re allocating your digital marketing budget effectively.
So if you’ve been wondering why your site needs search engine optimization, the answer is clear: it’s one of the best ways to reach your marketing goals.